Regardless of whether they receive a courtesy designation, visitors may not be paid for providing services to the University and may not engage in work that would normally be performed by officers or staff. Those who are engaged in research at Columbia are expected to comply with the University’s policies designed to ensure that their work is conducted safely and in a professional manner. In particular, visitors who will participate in laboratory research must receive appropriate safety training and be familiar with the University’s policies concerning laboratory safety and the handling and disposal of hazardous materials. If their research involves human subjects, they need the approval of the appropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB). If they will work with research animals, they must have the approval of the appropriate Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). No visitor may work with patient records or other protected health information without completing the University’s HIPAA training.